1889. Item #025227
A broadside measuring 4 3/4" x 8 3/4" printed on blue paper. Text in one column surrounding a figure of a person in a white hood. The only recorded copy is noted in OCLC at Duke University. The publisher of the newspaper, William T. Baker allowed his editor A.M. Dickinson to spend three weeks among the White Caps in Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky to research the "Masked Riders in White." The White Caps began as a violent vigilante group enforcing moral codes not in local laws. They would beat or humiliate those accused of being antisocial or users of alcohol. The Governor of Indiana (Isaac Pusey Gray) encouraged their indictment on December 20, 1888. Within a few years, their violence increased and their members spread to Iowa, Missouri, Virginia, Tennesee, Georgia and by the early 20th Century their activities were even found in the West. In the South they soon were merged with the Ku Klux Klan. Though various newspaper describe them in the period before World War I, editors often mistook them for the Klan and sometimes simply referred to them as night riders. It was this last term that was used by Robert Penn Warren for one of his best short stories.